الاثنين، 1 نوفمبر، 2010

Egypt ♥






Dr. Mohamed Mostafa ElBaradei



Dr. Mohamed Mostafa ElBaradei An Egyptian
(Arabic: محمد البرادعي, transliteration: Muḥammad al-Barāda)
Born June 17, 1942, was the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an inter-governmental organization under the auspices of the United Nations from December 1997 to November 2009.
ElBaradei prefers the Latin writing of his name to be spelled ElBaradei rather than hyphenated (El-Baradei). ElBaradei and the IAEA were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005

Ahmed Hassan Zewail




Ahmed Hassan Zewail (Arabic: أحمد حسن زويل‎)
(born February 26, 1946 in Damanhour, Egypt) is an Egyptian scientist, and the winner of the 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry.
He is the Linus Pauling Chair Professor Chemistry and Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology.
Dr. Zewail has been nominated and will participate in President Barack Obama's Presidential Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST).
The council will talk about education, science, defense, energy, the economy, and technology.

Naguib Mahfouz



Naguib Mahfouz (Arabic: نجيب محفوظ, Nagīb Maḥfūẓ)
(December 11, 1911 – August 30, 2006) was an Egyptian novelist who won the 1988 Nobel Prize for Literature.
He is regarded as one of the first contemporary writers of Arabic literature, along with Tawfiq el-Hakim, to explore themes of existentialism.
He published over 50 novels, over 350 short stories, dozens of movie scripts and five plays over a 70-year career. Many of his works have been made into Arabic and foreign-language films

Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub


Sir Magdi Habib Yacoub, FRS (Arabic: مجدي حبيب يعقوب, born 16 November 1935 in Belbis, Egypt), is Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Imperial College London.

He was involved in the first UK heart transplant in 1980, carried out the first UK live lobe lung transplant and went on to perform more transplants than any other surgeon in the world. A 1980 patient Derrick Morris, was Europe's longest surviving heart transplant recipient until his death in July 2005.

Abdel Halim Hafez




Abdel Halim Ali Shabana (Arabic: عبدالحليم علي شبانة) commonly known as Abdel Halim Hafez (Arabic: عبد الحليم حافظ) (June 21, 1929 – March 30, 1977), was one of the most popular Arab Egyptian singers and actors not only in Egypt but throughout the Middle East from the 1950s to the 1970s. He is widely considered to be one of the four 'greats' of Egyptian and Arabic music,along with Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab and Farid Al Attrach. Abdel Halim's music is still played on radio daily in Egypt and the Arab world. His name is sometimes written as 'Abd el-Halim Hafez, and he was also sometimes known as el-Andaleeb el-Asmar (the Dark Nightingale, Arabic: العندليب الأسمر).



Omar Sharif


Omar Sharif (born Michael Demitri Shalhoub; April 10, 1932) is an Arab Egyptian actor who has starred in Hollywood films, most famously in Doctor Zhivago, Funny Girl and Lawrence of Arabia. He has been nominated for an Academy Award and has won three Golden Globe Awards.

Muhammad Anwar El Sadat




Muhammad Anwar El Sadat, or Anwar El Sadat (Arabic: محمد أنور السادات, Muḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt)
(25 December 1918 - 6 October 1981), was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalists on 6 October 1981. He was a senior member of the Free Officers group that overthrew the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of Gamal Abdel Nasser, whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president he changed Egypt's direction, departing from some of the economic and political principles of Nasserism by re-instituting the multi-party system and launching the Infitah. His leadership in the October War of 1973 made him a hero in Egypt, and for a time throughout the Arab World.

His visit to Israel and the eventual Camp David Accords won him the Nobel Peace Prize, but was an act enormously unpopular amongst Egyptians and other Arabs, and resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League. The peace treaty was the primary reason given by Khalid Islambouli, one of Sadat's assassins, for his opposition to Sadat


Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak



Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak (Arabic: محمد حسني مبارك ) (born 4 May 1928) is the fourth and current president of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He was appointed Vice President in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar el-Sadat. He is the longest-serving ruler of Egypt since Muhammad Ali Pasha